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APA Guide

This guide contains information to help you cite your sources in APA format.

Citing a Website Article (APA)

Format:  Author(s). (Year, Month Day). Title of article in italics. Website Name. URL 

Note: Cite an online source as a website only if no other type of source applies to it. For instance, many magazines and newspapers publish articles on their websites - in cases like this, you would cite the article as if it were an online magazines or newspaper article (not a website article). This holds true for journal articles, conference procedures, social media posts, blog posts, online videos, etc. You may need to check the APA manual or ask a librarian to see if your type of source is listed.

Note: If you're citing multiple articles or webpage from the same website, then create a reference entry for each one.

Note: If you're just mentioning a website in general but not actually pulling any specific information from it, do not created a reference list entry or use an in-text citation. Simply include the name of the website in the text of your paper, and list the URL in parenthesis after the name. For instance, the the Centers for Disease Control website (https://www.cdc.gov/) provides information on vaccines. If you pulled specific information from the website, then cite each page that you pulled information from as it's own reference entry (see note above).

Example: Harrar, S. (2007, July 5). Better heart health. CNN, http://cnn.com/better-heart-201562 

Example: Smith, J. D. (2020, August 10). The secret to a long life. American Cancer Society, http://americancancersociety.com/secret-long-life-356892

Group Author: Mayo Clinic. (2011, June 23). Absence seizure. http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/201569 

Access Date: Smith, J. D. (n.d.). Considerations for new nurses. Career Spot. Retrieved July 3, 2019, from https://www.careerspot.org/nursing213659/

Government: National Cancer Institute. (2020). Lung cancer update (NIH Publication No. 20-6548). U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health. https://www.cancer.gov/lungcancer206528/

Note: When using a government website with many layers of agencies, use the most specific agency as the author, then list the name(s) of the parent agencies as the website name, beginning with the biggest agency/parent agency and working towards more specific separating with commas (i.e. The White House, Office of the Press Secretary). Do no repeat agencies in the that were used as the author.

Helpful Information

Title:

For the website article title, capitalize only proper nouns and the first word of the article title and subtitle. Also italicize the website article title (APA considers it a standalone).

For the website name, capitalize all the significant words in the title. Do not use italics or quotation marks.

Author:

When author and website name are the same, skip the website name (to avoid repetition).

URL:

Do not put a period at the end of entries with a URL.

For the URL, put the exact link to content or page where reader can easily find the cited material. For example, use https://www.nytimes.com/2020/07/28/us/politics/william-barr-house-judiciary-hearing.html?action=click&module=Top%20Stories&pgtype=Homepage instead of https://www.nytimes.com.

Date:

Include a retrieval date only if source material could change over time (and this edition of the material is not archived for the future). If the materials has no date, but will not change over time (an edition of a report or ebook for instance) then no retrieval date is needed.

Formatting:

Double space entries. If an entry runs more than one line, indent the next line(s).

Capitalize proper nouns and first words of title and subtitle.