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APA Guide

This guide contains information to help you cite your sources in APA format.

Magazine or Newspaper Article (APA)

Format:  Author(s). (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Title of Magazine/Newspaper in italics, Volume number in italics(issue number), page numbers of article. DOI/URL 

*Note:  If using a print or database article use the DOI (if no DOI, skip). If using a non-database article (website) with no DOI, use the URL instead.

Print or Electronic Article (Database) with a DOI given

Print Example: Bergeson, S. (2019, January 4). Really cool neutral plasmas. Science, 363(6422), 33-34. 

EBSCO Database Example: Stalter, R. M., Pecha, M., Dov, L., Miller, D., Ghazal, Z., Wortham, J., Althomsons, S., Deutsch-Feldman, M., Stewart, R., Felix, D., Hsu, S., & Strick, L. B. (2023). Tuberculosis outbreak in a state prison system -- Washington, 2021-2022. MMWR: Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report, 72(12), 309–312.

Electronic Article from a Database with no DOI given

Gale Database Example: 10 Million Orphans: For the children who have lost their parents to AIDS, grief is only the beginning of their troubles. The disease's lasting victims. (2000, January 17). Newsweek, 135(3), 42.

U.S Major Dailies Example:  Baker, P. (2015, March 25). Human rights groups press Obama on India. New York Times, A12.

Electronic Article from the Internet (Not from a Database) with no DOI given

Example: Lewin, A. M. (2012, June 23). Meditating practices growing. Psychology Today.

Helpful Information


In citations for the article title, capitalize only proper nouns and the first word of the article title and subtitle.

For the magazine/newspaper title, capitalize all the significant words in the title and italicize it. Note: APA considers periodical titles are proper nouns.

Note: If you mention an article title in your paper, it should be in quotation marks and all major words should be capitalized.


If no date is given, use (n.d.).

DOI versus URL:

Always list the DOI if given. DOI is preferred rather than a URL.

If a DOI is not given, but the source can be found in a library database, then there is no need to include a URL (simply cite the entry the same way you would a print entry). However, if a DOI is not given, and the source is not in a library database - rather found on the internet - then include a URL (to help people find it).

URLs should be as specific as possible (i.e. take the reader directly to the page you used). So use the full URL ( rather than the home page (

Present DOI’s and URL’s as hyperlinks beginning with http:// or https:// (Links can be ‘live’ if your writing is going to be viewed electronically or online).


Double space entries. If an entry runs more than one line, use a hanging indent which indents any additional lines beyond the first (there is a button in Microsoft Word and other programs to do this; do not use the tab button or the space bar).

Acceptable abbreviations can be found on pp. 306-7 of the APA manual.

If what you are citing is not listed in APA manual, choose the example in the manual most like your source.     

Helpful Resources