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APA Guide

This guide contains information to help you cite your sources in APA format.

Magazine or Newspaper Article (APA)

Format:  Author(s). (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Title of Magazine/Newspaper in italics, Volume number in italics(issue number), page numbers of article. DOI/URL 

*Note:  If using a print or database article use the DOI (if no DOI, skip). If using a non-database article (website) with no DOI, use the URL instead.

Print or Electronic Article with a DOI given

ExampleBergeson, S. (2019, January 4). Really cool neutral plasmas. Science, 363(6422), 33-34. 

Electronic Article from a Database with no DOI given

Example:  Smith, O. P. (2020). Communicating at work. Management, 14(3), 34-39. 

Electronic Article from the Internet (Not from a Database) with no DOI given

Example: Lewin, A. M. (2012, June 23). Meditating practices growing. Psychology Today.

Helpful Information


For the article title, capitalize only proper nouns and the first word of the article title and subtitle.

For the magazine/newspaper title, capitalize all the significant words in the title and italicize it. Note: APA considers periodical titles are proper nouns.


If no date is given, use (n.d.).

DOI versus URL:

Always list the DOI if given. DOI is preferred rather than a URL.

If a DOI is not given, but the source can be found in a library database, then there is no need to include a URL (simply cite the entry the same way you would a print entry). However, if a DOI is not given, and the source is not in a library database - rather found on the internet - then include a URL (to help people find it).

URLs should be as specific as possible (i.e. take the reader directly to the page you used). So use the full URL ( rather than the home page (

Present DOI’s and URL’s as hyperlinks beginning with http:// or https:// (Links can be ‘live’ if your writing is going to be viewed electronically or online).


Double space entries. If an entry runs more than one line, use a hanging indent which indents any additional lines beyond the first (there is a button in Microsoft Word and other programs to do this; do not use the tab button or the space bar).

Acceptable abbreviations can be found on pp. 306-7 of the APA manual.

If what you are citing is not listed in APA manual, choose the example in the manual most like your source.