Skip to main content
ask a librarian email questions

APA Guide

This guide contains information to help you cite your sources in APA format.

Citing an Entire Print Book With Author, 1st Edition or Edition Not Listed

Format: Author, A. A. (Year). Title of book in italics. City of publication, State: Publisher.

Example 1: Duclos-Miller, P. A. (2016). Stressed out about your first year of nursing. Marblehead, MA: HCPro.

Example 2: Jones, C., & Hudson, R. A. (2014). Eating for pregnancy: An essential guide to nutrition with recipes for the whole family. New York, NY: Marlow.


Citing an Entire Print Book With Edition other Than 1st

Format: Author, A. A. (Year). Title of book in italics (Edition ed.). City of publication, State: Publisher.

Example 1: American Psychiatric Association. (2015). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: DSM-IV-TR (4th ed.). Washington, DC.

Example 2: Thompson, J. M., McFarland, G. K., Hirsch, J. E., & Tucker, S. M. (2014). Mosby’s clinical nursing (5th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby.


Citing an Entire Print Book With an Editor Instead of an Author

Format: Editor, A. A. (Ed.). (Year). Title of book in italics (Edition ed). City of publication, State: Publisher.

Example: Slife, B. (Ed.). (2014). Clashing views on controversial psychological issues (12th ed.). Guilford, CT: McGraw-Hill.


Citing an Entire Book Retrieved from a Database or Website

No DOI Given: Include URL of Publisher Home Page

Format: Author, A. A. (Year). Title of book in italics. Retrieved from http://url_of_publisher_home_page

Example: Bruni, L., & Porta, P. L. (2017). Handbook on the economics of happiness. Retrieved from

DOI Given

Format: Author, A. A. (Year). Title of book in italics. doi:xx.xxxxxxxxxx

Example: Costello, G. J. (2016). Organizational dynamics of technology-based innovation. doi: 10.1007/978-0-387-72804-9_32


Helpful Information

Author / Editor:

If no author given, move the title to author position and alphabetize entry by title.

If group/corporate author and publisher are the same, put “Author” in publisher location and move title to author position.

If more than one editor, list all names (following the same rules as multiple authors) and put (Eds.) in parenthesis.


Omit unessential words such as Publishers, Co., or Inc. Keep the words Books and Press; if name of the state or province is included in the name of University publisher, do not also include it in location information.


If no date is given, use (n.d.).


Include city and state. For cities outside the US, include the city and country.


Double space entries. If an entry runs more than one line, use a hanging indent to indent any additional lines beyond the first.

Capitalize proper nouns and the first words of title and subtitle.

Acceptable abbreviations can be found on p. 180 of the APA manual; Table of contents for examples in the manual, pp. 193-198.

If what you are citing is not listed in APA manual, choose the example in the manual most like your source.