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ENG 101 - Great American Trials

5. Cite Your Sources in MLA format

Here are a few examples to help you cite your sources in MLA format:

How to Cite an Entire Book or Ebook (Print or Electronic)

Format: Author(s). Title of Book in Italics. Edition, Publisher, Year. Database Name in Italics (if electronic), URL.

*Note: if using a print book, skip the database name.

Example: Marvel, Laura. The Salem Witch Trials. Greenhaven Press, 2003.

How to Cite Part of a Book or Ebook (Print or Electronic)

Format: Author(s). "Title of Part." Title of Book, edited by Editor, edition, vol. #, Publisher, Year, page number(s). Database Name (if electronic), URL.

Great American Trials Example: Evans, Colin. "Chicago Seven Trial: 1969." Great American Trials, Oct. 2003, pp. 586-90. History Reference Center,

Crimes and Trials of the Century Example: Wolf, Kelly. "The Lindbergh Baby Murder Case: A Crime of the Century." Crimes and Trials of the Century, edited by Frankie Y. Bailey and Steven M. Chermak, vol. 2, Greenwood Press, 2007, pp. 153-67. EBSCO Ebook Collection,

How to Cite a Journal/Magazine Article from a Database

Format: Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of Journal, vol. #, no. #, Date of Publication, page number(s). Database Name (if electronic), URL.

How to Cite a Website

Format: Author(s). “Title of Article.” Title of Website in Italics, Website Publisher (if different than title), Date of publication, URL.

*Note:  Exclude publisher if title of website and publisher are the same.
*Note: If website does not have a date, add an access date at the end after the URL: Accessed 7 May 2016.
*Note: Do not include the http:// or https:// in the URL.

Famous Trials Website Example 1 (Trial Overview): Linder, Douglas O. "Leo Frank Trial (1913)." Famous Trials, University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law, 1995-2023,

Famous Trials Website Example 2 (Primary Sources): "Testimony of George Epps." Famous Trials, edited by Douglas O. Linder, University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law, 1995-2023, Transcript.

How to Cite a Newspaper Article

Format: Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of Newspaper in Italics, Date of Publication, page number(s). Database Name in Italics (if electronic), URL.

*Note: For local newspapers, if the city is not included in the title of the paper add the city in square brackets after the newspaper title: The Herald [Rock Hill]

*Note: For articles published by the Associated Press or other News Agency, do not list an author.

Example: Pantazi, Andrew. "Fired IT Director Who Testified in George Zimmerman Trial Will Sue State Attorney's Office, Lawyer Says." Florida Times-Union [Jacksonville], 17 July 2003, p. A3. Newspaper Source Plus,

Chronicling America Example: "Boy Slayers Calm as State Demands They Die by Noose." Evening Star [Washington, D.C.], 23 July 1924, pp. 1-2. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers, Library of Congress,

*Note: Chronicling America is a website repository of digitized newspapers by the Library of Congress. Because it's a website not an SCC database, we list the publisher and URL of the site.

Additional MLA Examples

In-Text Citations

1 Author and Page Numbers

Place the author’s last name and page number in parenthesis. If the in-text citation is at the end of a sentence, place the period outside the parenthesis.

Example 1: (Hennessy 81).

Example 2: (Hennessy 81-82).

No Page Numbers

If a source has no page numbers, omit the page number. Keep in mind, most electronic sources do not include pages.

Example 1: ("Everyday Victims")

Example 2: (Jones)

No Author

If the source has no author, your in-text citation will use the title of the source that starts your works cited entry. The title may appear in the sentence itself or, abbreviated, before the page number in parenthesis.

Example 1: (“Noon” 508).

Example 2: (Faulkner’s Novels 25).

Example 3: (“Climate Model Simulations").

2 Authors

If the entry on the Works Cited page begins with the names of two authors, include both last names in the in-text citation, connected by and.

Example: (Dorris and Erdrich 23).

3+ Authors

If the source has three or more authors, include the first author’s last name followed by et al.

Example: (Burdick et al. 42).

Additional In-Text Citations Examples

MLA Handouts