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MLA Guide

This guide contains information to help you cite your sources in MLA format.

Formatting the Author

Authors Rule Examples
No Author If no author given, skip the author and start with the title of source.  
1 Author Last Name, First Name. Smith, John.
2 Authors Last Name, First Name, and First Name Last Name. Smith, John, and Mary Fields.
3+ Authors Last Name, First Name of First Author, et al. Smith, John, et al.
Association or Company Use the name of the association or company as the author. If a work is written and published by an organization, list the organization as publisher only. American Cancer Society.
Pseudonyms Use pseudonyms and online usernames like regular author names. @jsmith.
Editor or other role If the role of that person or group is something other than creating the work’s main content (as the author), follow the name with a label that describes the role. Only do this in the author field if it is important to highlight this person; otherwise use the Other Contributors field. Nunberg, Geoffrey, editor.

Formatting the Title

Source Rule: Italics or "quotation marks" Example
Entire Book Italicize self-contained works The Awakening.
Collection of Essays Italicize self-contained works The Norton Introduction to Literature,
Essay, story, or poem Contained in a larger work (book, website, etc.); use "quotation marks" "The Cultural Consequences of Printing."
Play Italicize plays even if they are in a larger work. Romeo and Juliet.
Article from Journal, Magazine, or Newspaper Contained in a larger work (journal) use "quotation marks" "Literary History and Sociology."
Entire Journal, Magazine, or Newspaper Italicize self-contained works The Georgia Review.
Entire Website Italicize self-contained works WebMD.
Website Article Contained in a larger work (website) use "quotation marks" "Free Will."
Song Contained in a larger work (album) use "quotation marks"

"Pretty Hurts."

More Formatting Rules