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BIO 101 - Research Project

3. Narrow Your Topic

Narrow SignOnce you've done some initial background reading, it's time to narrow down your topic to what you really want to focus on.  Remember your assignment requirements and consider what you've read thus far. Brainstorm or outline the elements of the topic that you think you want to address.

Ask yourself:

What aspect of the topic do I want to focus on?

What interests me about the topic?

What do I want to write about?

As you start to narrow this down into a topic/thesis, you'll want to continue to look for more sources. As you research, you might tweak or adjust your topic/thesis.  In order to help you find more related sources about your topic, you'll want to identify keywords to help you search.

Keywords

As you think about what concepts you want to research, think about what particular words might be found in a good article about that topic.  For instance, if you are writing about ovarian cancer, think of related keywords:

  • ovarian cancer
  • ovarian cancer AND symptoms
  • ovarian cancer AND treatment
  • ovary 
  • female reproductive system 
  • female reproductive system OR ovary

You can also combine "ovarian cancer" with some of your search terms to find articles connecting the two ideas. Unlike Google, our databases works best when using connector terms, such as AND or OR.

*Tip: When using connector terms (also called Boolean Operators), remember that AND means you are searching both terms together. Searching ovarian cancer AND treatment will get you results related to both ovarian cancer and treatment. 

OR gives you more results. OR tells the database you want information about the female reproductive system OR ovary, since those are both similar names for a term.

Keywords work best by trial-and-error. Never do only one search. Some keywords will work better than others, and some keywords may lead you to different articles than you found in your first search.  Search the databases with the keywords you selected to find relevant articles. And remember to ask a librarian if you need assistance coming up with keywords or looking for sources
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