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ENG 165 - Career Research (Ramsey)

3. Oral Instructions

Narrow SignOnce you've done some initial background reading on the career, it's time to narrow down and decide what sort of oral instructions you want to include in your project?

For example:

  • If you want to be an auto mechanic. The oral instructions could be the steps involved in changing a tire, changing the oil, etc.
  • If you want to be a surgical technician, the instructions could be how to put on and take off scrubs/gloves.

Job Duties

Consider what you've read about the career so far. What basic job duties (like in the example above) might you use for your oral instructions. What can you teach your audience how to do. You might have to break down larger job duties into small pieces since this is a short presentation.

General Resources Guides

You can also get ideas by browsing resources in your career area. See what books and articles are talking about, and see if you can use a small piece for teaching for oral instructions. In order to find sources in your career area, I encourage you to explore the library's Research Guide pages for various subject areas taught here at the college (this won't cover everything, but it covers many areas). Look for the guides labeled "General Resources." For instance, if you want to be a medical assistant, find the "Medical Assisting - General Resources" guide to browse resources for ideas.

Subject Resources

Search some of our general collections for information on your topic for oral instructions. For example - find articles and videos on how to accurately take blood pressure or how to change the oil in a car.


When you're searching the library resources, be sure to narrow down what you're looking for to a couple of main/important keywords. Unlike Google, our databases search best using brief words or phrases. Sometimes, it helps to surround phrases with quotation marks to tell the computer you are searching for those words as they occur together. And sometimes you want to use the word 'and' to connect ideas (although you don't have to always). Example:

Search: automobile change oil

Search: taking blood pressure

​Keywords work best by trial-and-error. Never do only one search. Some keywords will work better than others, and some keywords may lead you to different articles than you found in your first search.  Search the databases with the keywords you selected to find relevant articles. And remember to ask a librarian if you need assistance coming up with keywords or looking for sources.

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