After thoroughly examining your assignment, now it's time to look for some initial background research on your topic. Try a search in the following database to learn more about your topic. Both of these databases will present your topic from multiple perspectives, which will be helpful while you're deciding which position you want to take on this issue.
Think about who your problem affects. This could be specific people, but it could also be groups of people - consider different groups based on age, race, ethnicity, gender, socioeconomic status (wealth), who may be affected (good or bad) by your topic.
Consider what factors are involved in your topic. Read some background information or a summary to learn more about your topic, and then make a list of relevant factors.
The background reading can also provide you with keywords, specialized vocabulary, and definitions, which will be useful for future searches.
What time period is involved? Has your problem been an issue for a while, or is it more recent? Be sure you know what dates and times are involved in your topic because that will affect how you write about them. Your topic may have specific dates associated with it or it may be more general.
Sometimes places or geography are important to your topic. Are you considering issues in the United States or another country? The situation can be quite different in some countries than it is here.
This is a really important one. Why do people care about this topic? Why is it important or controversial? What's at stake? or Why did it happen / is it happening?
How could this societal issue be resolved? What kinds of solutions exist to this problem?